The MRO (the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter) offers once again some of the best results. Utilizing its sophisticated imaging tool, the HiRISE (the High-Resolution Imaging Experiment) camera, the orbiter shot a one-of-a-kind picture. The plains north of Juventae Chasma were perfectly captured in all its glory. The area includes the southwestern region of Valles Marineris, a massive canyon structure displayed alongside the Martian Equator.
HiRISE Latest Snaps of Valles Marineris on Mars
The picture was initially shot back in July 2007 by the HiRISE camera. It displays three different categories of terrain. We can notice in the top half of the picture, plains with craters and some sinuous ridge aspects. These details are significant for scientists due to their inverted stream channels. Such things happen when a low-lying region becomes lifted.
The channels might also be formed from giant rocks than their close environment. They were streambeds once that became bonded by speeding minerals. Or, they could were filled with lava. All of those materials are more durable than imagined to erosion. They could stay like that and appear lifted after wind. Or maybe the water transported smoother-grained equipment around them.
Other details comprise plain with uncovered layers and layers on the wall of the Juventae Chasma canyon. Another picture shot by HiRISE includes the adjacent surface where the patches cover two-thirds of the left of the picture. Some concentric rings can be noticed as well. They display deeper and deeper layers of particles, the smallest of which is the most profound exposed layer.
Layered surfaces are common in Martian canyons. Scientists don’t know exactly how they formed. Some think that the same material probably makes the layers in those areas as the layer in the canyons. More data is required to establish a theory and examine the geology of Mars.