Mars 2020 Rover is Going Through Final Preparations Before Launching to the Red Planet

Planet Mars remains the best candidate from our solar system for sustaining life. Whether we’ll be the first ‘Martians’ or there already are some forms of life dwelling on the Red Planet, it’s certain that we will unveil the mystery.

Therefore, NASA won’t quit in its effort to explore Mars as much as possible. The Mars rover 2020 belongs to NASA’s Mars Exploration Program with a planned launch soon, on 17 July 2020. It will land on the Jezero crater from Mars on 18 February 2021.

Final preparations

The Mars 2020 rover has been delivered to the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, along with the cruise stage, the descent module, and the Mars Helicopter. They are scheduled for final assembly, fueling, and mounting atop of a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket.

John McNamee, NASA’s Mars 2020 project manager, said:

Our rover has left the only home it has ever known,

The 2020 family here at JPL is a little sad to see it go, but we’re even more proud knowing that the next time our rover takes to the skies, it will be headed to Mars.

Inside the PHSF cleanroom from the Kennedy Space Center, teams will be testing mission hardware in order to ensure that all systems remain at an optimal level of performance. Technicians will load hydrazine to feed maneuvering thrusters, which will guide the rover’s trajectory toward Mars after being launched from Cape Canaveral.

The vehicle will be encapsulated inside a 5.4-meter (17.7-foot) diameter payload fairing. It’s of ULA’s Atlas 5 launcher, and it will all be transported to the Vertical Integration Facility near pad 41. Cranes will lift and position the payload on the Atlas 5 inside the vertical hangar.

The Mars 2020 Mission will cost an enormous amount of $2.6 billion, but it will be worth the money even if, for the next several decades humanity won’t be able to colonize the Red Planet.

Mars Might Be By 15 Million Years Younger, According To New Research

Astronomy is more than an exact science, as every piece of rock can alter everything. It was thought to be right before. Einstein said nothing escapes a black hole, and Hawking proved him wrong. It is time for Mars’ age to be the subject of doubt. It looks it is 15 million years younger. New studies made on the wolfram evidence collected from Mars seem to prove it was formed way later than we thought. Wolfram is also known as tungsten.

We are humans, and that should be enough reason. But we never give too much credit to this argument, so we need scientific proof. There it is: the wolfram evidence that gave proof about Mars’ age might have been the remains form the comets or asteroids that hit the red planet over time.

“Maybe those collisions really messed up our measurements,” says Simone Marchi at the Southwest Research Institute in Colorado.

The age of Mars was under debate in a new study

It was thought that Mars was created during the Solar System’s formation, as the result of a random process of run-away accretion of material from the protoplanetary disk that orbited the Sun. A protoplanetary disk is a rotating circumstellar disk of dense gas and dust surrounding a young newly formed star. For Mars, it was thought that the formation process took only 5 million years.

At least, this is what the Martian pieces that got here on Earth said after the wolfram was tested. But it looks now that those Martian leftovers aren’t precisely Martian, but remains of the asteroids that hit Mars. So, Mars got hit repeatedly by asteroids or comets. The areas of the impacts were impregnated with the alien DNA from the asteroids.

Then, pieces form those places ended up on Earth as asteroids. Scientists analyzed those meteorites and said they were Martian, and later dated the age of Mars. Now, they made some simulations, and they think they were misled.
Of course, this is also an if astronomic clause.

Scientists Found Small Spots Of Water On Mars

Many little spots on the Mars’ surface might be able to hold life as we imagine it, a new research points. Water ice is plentiful on and close to the Red Planet’s ground, but conditions should be appropriate to increase the chances of liquid water.

And that’s due to Mars’ atmosphere that is very thin, only 1 % as thick as Earth’s air at sea level. Also, the ice manages to sublimate or change directly into vapor, when temperatures increase enough. The latest research, however, discovers a microenvironment that could hold those appropriate conditions. Some areas were identified directly behind a few bumps in Mars’ midlatitude regions, present in the rocks’ shadows continuously during the wintertime.

Mars’ Peculiar Spots Of Water

Carbon-dioxide ice and water ice gather seasonally in those tiny spots, according to some computer simulations developed by Norbert Schorghofer, the research author. When spring arrives, and sunlight reaches those microenvironments once again, temperatures there increase quickly. From -198 degrees Fahrenheit to 14 degrees Fahrenheit in a short time.

The ice then disappears, but the temperature shift is so quick that not all of the ice suppress, some melts into the alkaline Mars’ soil, creating salty liquid. The saltness is considered the most significant element there because salt decreases the melting percent of water almost to 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, the carbon-dioxide ice seems to support everything.

“Dust contained in the CO2 frost facilities the formation of a protective sublimation lag. Overall, the melting of pure water ice is not expected under present-day Mars condition,” detailed Schroghofer.

The salty liquid formation might be present for almost 2-3 days at each point that experiences it. But the occurrence is a usual one, repeating annually, the research indicates. Spots of winter bump-shadow aren’t the only ones on Mars that might encounter seasonal rolls of liquid water.

Scientists Will Bring Samples from the Martian Soil to Earth

We all know that NASA is seriously considering the idea that in the future humans will build themselves a colony on Mars. But this is part of a difficult and long process that can take decades or maybe even centuries. Until then, humanity has to do all it can to uncover as many mysteries as possible about Mars.

Astronomers had been thinking a lot in the past about bringing to Earth a sample from Mars in order to analyze better the Martian soil. Now, it looks like it will become a reality since the budget for 2021 will provide about $2.7 billion for planetary science. This amount includes $233 million for the Mars Sample Return mission.

The Mars 2020 rover should do the job

The Mars 2020 rover is expected to launch this summer towards the Red Planet, seal some samples in tubes and leave them close to the Jezero Crater. Afterwards, a smaller rover will have to pick them up and give them to a lander. Finally, a rocket will be carrying the samples to Earth.

Jonathan Lunine, a planetary scientist at Cornell University, claims that bringing Martian samples to Earth for further study “will be an enormous advance in terms of the science of Mars and … [the] possibility that it might have even had life at some point,”

Finding any life forms elsewhere in the Solar System besides Earth is the ultimate goal for a lot of astronomers. Mars seems to be the only candidate, considering that the other two rocky planets besides our own are way too hot to sustain any life: Mercury and Venus. Another chance of finding alien life forms is to explore some of Jupiter’s and Saturn’s moons.

However, NASA cannot bring those Martian samples to Earth on its own. The American space agency is set to collaborate with ESA (European Space Agency) to get the job done.

Alien Life on Mars and Jupiter’s Europa Exists, According To A Scientist

Starting from the Sun, Mars is the fourth planet in the Solar System. Sometimes it is also called the “Red Planet” because of its appearance seen from Earth. The reddish color is explained by the presence on its surface of the iron oxide.

On the other hand, Europa is the icy moon of Jupiter, and it might have an ocean of liquid water under its surface.

There is life on Mars, a scientist stated

Mars is an earth-type planet with a thin atmosphere. Surface features include impact craters reminiscent of the Moon, but also volcanoes, valleys, deserts, and polar ice caps reminiscent of Earth.

Mars has always been an excellent subject for debates. One thing is for sure, according to a leading scientist — There is life on that planet.

It’s true, life can be found in many forms, and here we are talking about bacteria and microbes. Some study relates that even Europe, the icy satellite that orbits Jupiter, can host life.

Jupiter’s moon Europa might also sustain alien life under its icy surface

Because the lunar satellite can contain water, under its icy surface an in the water, could exist a life form Sun’s radiation.

Professor Monica Grady of Planetary and Space Science at Liverpool Hope University said: “When it comes to the prospects of life beyond Earth, it’s almost a racing certainty that there’s life beneath the ice on Europa.”

NASA has a starting point by traveling to Europa in 2023 – 2025 with its Europa Clipper spacecraft. The main task of the mission is to investigate the satellite and send high-resolution images about the surface of the Moon.

Also, the Europa Clipper will have to flyby to the Moon and search for any alien activity. It’s known that NASA has technology so advanced that we can’t even imagine, but still, they have a lot of work to do.

They want to explore every planet in our Galaxy to see if alien life exists. I don’t know if it does, but it’s fascinating to know that we may not be alone in the Universe.